The Minnesota Model was born in the United States for about 50 years in Minnesota, having been deploying in many countries with great success. Due to the high recovery rates that can reach, it may even be considered the most effective models for treating chemical dependency. It is based on the philosophy of the 12 Steps of Alcoholics / Narcotics Anonymous. Is a psychotherapeutic model of humanistic origin whose objective is total abstinence from the use of psychoactive substances capable of causing artificial fluctuations in individual mood states. The model teaches the addict and his family to change their attitudes and behaviors through a working method based on the principles of self-help groups, feelings of groups, rational-emotive therapy, transactional psychology, lectures, educational films and individual therapies. Through these techniques the individual acquires a conscience, where none exists, the implications of their disease, and consequently greater accountability of recovery. Through sharing learning with others with other group members to identify and deal constructively with their feelings and emotions and not destructively as it did in the time of consumption of psychoactive substances. This model also includes the treatment of eating disorders (OBESITY, ANOREXIA and bulimia) and the PLAY, as any physical dependence or may not be primarily a DISTURBANCE BEHAVIOR / EMOTIONAL.
The Chemical dependence is a chronic, progressive and fatal disease if not detained and treated in time. It is however a treatable illness. It affects the individual at all levels of the bio psychosocial functioning, weakening of Physics, Psychological, Emotional and Spiritual, and also as peculiar characteristic affect the family as a whole. The initial pleasure provided by the consumption of alcohol or other drugs eventually become emotional pain. Alcohol or drug gradually increases until the individual can no longer control himself. then appear the physical consequences, emotional, social, intellectual, professional / school, associated with feelings of guilt, shame, anger, fear, frustration and regret, and the dwindling pleasure and suffering increasing. Its characteristics are defined by ICD 10 the World Health Organization and the American Psychiatric Association, through the DSM-IV Diagnostic and Statistical Manual.
Compulsion - is a desire / almost uncontrollable urge to drink or consume drugs . It works on the physical / emotional character .
Obsession - the purpose of your life is just one : consuming alcohol or drugs , whatever the price is , losing the ability to assess the consequences , minimizing them .
Control Loss - From the first consumption , the dependent ceases to control the consumption of the substance. With the progression of the disease he begins to adapt his life to consuming the drug (s) (s ) of choice , losing the ability to perform the simplest tasks without being under the influence of it. LIVES FOR CONSUME AND USES TO LIVE.
Home - High tolerance . There are no major physical or emotional consequences. Relationships with family, friends , work or school is not affected . However consumption even reduced already leads the individual to an illusory sense of pleasure.
Mid - Almost without realizing it begins to increase the consumption of alcohol or other drugs to get the desired initial effect . If the person abruptly stops the consumption of alcohol or other drugs inevitably feel physical and emotional suffering . It's called " withdrawal syndrome " . At this stage the disease is already characterized as such , and as much as the individual wants to control consumption or stop consuming , physical and emotional suffering caused by abstinence is so much that makes that commitment is almost impossible to maintain. Need technical / professional help to do so.
Final - is the phase of isolation. The individual is isolated from family, friends and co-workers to be able to drink or use drugs. Usually leaves the responsibilities , fails to advance professionally , getting to lose his job and have police problems. Their losses are significant. Sit angry, unnerved , has aggressive attitudes , it ceases to feel pleasure and joy. It is always depressed and just feel suffering. If the disease is not stopped, it is likely to die early.
The chemical or emotional dependency is a disease characterized by strong denial. Despite being full of problems in all or most areas of their life, the addict denies having a problem and hardly accepts help.
Through therapeutic intervention techniques can break that denial , leading the addict and the family to seek professional help for the purpose of this treat and get into recovery , making it a useful and productive citizen of society, through abstinence consumption of substance and change of lifestyle. This work is done with technical help of a multidisciplinary team trained in the United States and Portugal , composed among others by 1 MEDICAL PSYCHIATRIST , 1 GP , 1 TEAM OF NURSING 3 TECHNICAL ADVICE , 3 MONITORS AND 1 NUTRITIONIST.